Posts Tagged ‘kosali



Kosli is an ancient language and it is one of the five Prakrit languages existing since Vedic era with Sanskrit. The stone inscriptions of Kharavela at Khandagiri [Pandit Suryanarayan & Griyarsen etal] which is an amalgam of Kosli and Prachya Magdhi further reinforce its existence. However, with the course of time due to many reasons the language has lost its identity up to a certain level; lack of unprejudiced research and studies is one among those. However, some recent research done at Sambalpur University claimed Kosli as a distinct language as a result of which the University introduced an One year Diploma course!

A large area encompassing the western part of Odisha; Sundargarh, Jharsuguda, Sambalpur, Bargarh, Deogarh, Balangir, Sonepur, Kalahandi, Nuapada, Boud, Phulbani and Northern Koraput regions; parts of Chattisgarh; Bhatri region of Bastar district, and from eastern part of Debhog , Phuljhar, Raigarh, Sarangarh to Jashpur uses Kosli as its mother tongue.

Kosli is a direct derivative of Sanskrit. Each and every word is enriched with deep meaning and full of life. The soulful representation of its culture and environment is its insignia and represents its independency. Once upon a time Kosal region was abundant with gems and jungle. Henceforth the region is also described in literatures as bajRagarBha maharaNyA. For example, let discuss the origin of the word khaman meaning jungle.

Khaman originates from Sanskrit word Khaban.

Kh = AakaSh [sky]

Khaban= AakaShaspaRShI bana

According to the rule of Prakrit: Ba > Ma

Hence, Khaban = Khaman.

Kosli is not the dialect of any language. All the words of this language originate and developed from Sanskrit through Prakrit.


Sanskrit > Prakrit> Kosli

AtasI > AlasI > Alasi

AamRam >AmbNGa >Aam

AadRam > Aallam, AdhNGa > Ol, Uda

Kosli Sahitya